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Proceedings Paper

Surface anchoring effect on the morphology and performance of polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (Invited Paper)
Author(s): Yi-Hsin Lin; Hongwen Ren; Yung-Hsun Wu; Xiao Liang; Shin-Tson Wu
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Paper Abstract

Surface effects on the phase separation dynamics, morphologies, and electro-optic properties of thin polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) cells are investigated. Four types of surface alignment layers were studied: ITO only, Polyimide (PI) without rubbing, homogeneous cell, and 90° twisted nematic (TN) cell. The ITO-only and non-rubbed PI cells do not provide enough anchoring force to prevent LC droplets flow and coalesce. As a result, the droplets are larger and less uniform. For the homogeneous and TN cells with sufficiently high anchoring energy, almost all the nucleated LC droplets grow at a fixed position during phase separation. The appearance of the coalescence is not obvious and the formed LC droplets are relatively uniform. For the rubbed cells with polar anchoring energy >2x 10-4 J/m2, the droplet size is smaller and more uniform than those in the conventional PDLC cell. The phase separation dynamics determine the final composite morphology which affects the electro-optic properties of a PDLC device. The morphologies in the homogeneous and TN cells are similar, but the TN cell is polarization independent while the homogeneous cell is polarization dependent. Moreover, the TN PDLC cell exhibits a higher contrast ratio. The light shutter made of TN PDLC shows no haze and 5-10 ms response time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5741, Emerging Liquid Crystal Technologies, (12 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.590405
Show Author Affiliations
Yi-Hsin Lin, College of Optics and Photonics/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Hongwen Ren, College of Optics and Photonics/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Yung-Hsun Wu, College of Optics and Photonics/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Xiao Liang, College of Optics and Photonics/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Shin-Tson Wu, College of Optics and Photonics/Univ. of Central Florida (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5741:
Emerging Liquid Crystal Technologies
Liang-Chy Chien, Editor(s)

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