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Proceedings Paper

A 3.5-ps mode-locked semiconductor optical amplifier fiber laser generated by 60-ps backward optical dark pulse-train injection
Author(s): I-Hsiang Chiu; Yu-Sheng Liao; Yung-Cheng Chang; Gong-Ru Lin
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Paper Abstract

The relationship between the backward optical injection waveform and the mode-locked pulse shape of semiconductor optical amplifier fiber laser (SOAFL) is studied. The SOA plays both the roles of a gain medium and an optically controlled modulator in this work. The injected optical comb-like bright and dark pulse-train with 60-ps pulsewidth was generated using a Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator (MZM) which DC-biased voltage of 1.7 V and 7.2 V, respectively. The backward injection of optical dark pulse-train results in a wide gain-depletion width (and a narrow gain window) within one modulation period, which is necessary for perfect mode-locking the SOAFL. In opposite, the backward injection of short optical pulse of bright optical pulse-train only causes a less pronounced gain-depletion effect. Such a broadened gain window can hardly initiate the mode-locking process. The backward comb-like dark pulse-train modulation is much easier to initiate harmonic mode-locking in the SOAFL than the bright pulse-train or sinusoidal-wave injection, which generates pulsewidth as short as 15 ps at 1 GHz. After propagating through 195m-long dispersion-compensating fiber, the pulsewidth of the mode-locked SOAFL can be linearly compressed to 13.5 ps. The linewidth and time-bandwidth product of the compressed SOAFL pulses are 1.78 nm and 0.8, respectively. The pulsewidth can further be nonlinearly compressed by using a 4695m-long single-mode fiber. The shortest mode-locked SOAFL pulsewidth of 3.5 ps at repetition frequency of 1 GHz by using cross-gain modulation technique is reported for the first time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 April 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5709, Fiber Lasers II: Technology, Systems, and Applications, (22 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.587938
Show Author Affiliations
I-Hsiang Chiu, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)
Yu-Sheng Liao, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)
Yung-Cheng Chang, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)
Gong-Ru Lin, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5709:
Fiber Lasers II: Technology, Systems, and Applications
L. N. Durvasula; Andrew J. W. Brown; Johan Nilsson, Editor(s)

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