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Proceedings Paper

Development and recovery processes of laser-induced retinal injuries in rats
Author(s): Mark Belokopitov; Michael Belkin M.D.; Galina Dubinsky; Yoram Epstein; Mordechai Rosner M.D.
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Paper Abstract

Retinal photocoagulation lesions undergo primary and secondary degeneration followed by partial healing. This study follows the sequential changes in laser-induced retinal lesion over a time span of 60 days. Argon laser lesions were created in 36 pigmented rats. Sections of the retinal lesions were evaluated by light microscopy 1, 24, 48, 72 hours, and 20, and 60 days after the injury (six animals at each time point). The diameter of the lesion was equal to that of the laser spot 1h after irradiation and increased by 24h. It decreased later, slightly during the following 48h and significantly by 20 days. The destruction of photoreceptors was most severe after 24-48h. The nuclei in the outer-nuclear layer were pyknotic at the lesion site at 1h and disappeared later. Healing processes began 72h after the irradiation and was completed by 60 days. Filling-in by sliding of near nuclei was observed by the 60th day. Reversible changes were seen also in the retinal pigment epithelium (with formation of a plaque at 72h and its degradation later on) and in the choroid (disorganization of capillaries by 48h with later reorganization). Conclusions: The development of a laser-induced injury is gradual. The photoreceptors are damaged first and than the damage spreads to other layers of retina and to areas adjacent the primary injury site. The extension of the damage is later stopped and the adjacent tissues tend to fill the lesion and remodel the retina.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 April 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5688, Ophthalmic Technologies XV, (18 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.583328
Show Author Affiliations
Mark Belokopitov, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Michael Belkin M.D., Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Galina Dubinsky, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Yoram Epstein, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Mordechai Rosner M.D., Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5688:
Ophthalmic Technologies XV
Fabrice Manns; Bruce E. Stuck; Michael Belkin M.D.; Per G. Söderberg; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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