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Proceedings Paper

The modification of spectral characteristics of cytostatics by optical beams
Author(s): Mihail Lucian Pascu; Mihail Brezeanu; Benone D. Carstocea; Letitia Voicu; Doina M. Gazdaru; Adriana A. Smarandache
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Paper Abstract

Besides the biochemical action of methotrexate (MTX) and 5-fluorouracil (FU) their effect in destroying cancer tumours could be enhanced by exposure to light at different doses. Absorption, excitation and emission spectra of 10-4M - 10-5M MTX solutions in natural saline and sodium hydroxide at pH = 8.4 were measured, while their exposure to coherent and uncoherent light in the visible and near ultraviolet (UV) spectral ranges was made (Hg lamps and Nitrogen pulsed laser radiation were used). Absorption spectra exhibit spectral bands in the range 200 nm - 450 nm. The 200 - 450 nm excitation spectra were measured with emission centered on 470 nm; MTX fluorescence excitation was measured at 390 nm and the emission was detected between 400 nm and 600 nm showing a maximum at 470 nm. Spectra modifications, nonlinearly depending on exposure time (varying from 1 min to 20 min), evidenced MTX photo-dissociation to the fluorescent compound 2,4 diamino-formylpteridine. In the 5-FU case the absorption spectra exhibit bands between 200 nm and 450 nm. The emission fluorescence spectra were measured between 400 nm and 600 nm, with λex = 350 nm for UV Hg lamp and with λex = 360 nm for laser irradiated samples; at irradiation with N2 laser emitted radiation the excitation spectra were measured in the range of 200 nm - 400 nm, with λem = 440 nm. New vascularity rapid destruction was observed for conjunctive impregnated with 5-FU solution whilst exposed to incoherent UV and visible light.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 October 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5581, ROMOPTO 2003: Seventh Conference on Optics, (21 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.583041
Show Author Affiliations
Mihail Lucian Pascu, National Institute for Laser, Plasma, and Radiation Physics (Romania)
Mihail Brezeanu, National Institute for Laser, Plasma, and Radiation Physics (Romania)
Benone D. Carstocea, Central Military Hospital (Romania)
Letitia Voicu, National Institute for Laser, Plasma, and Radiation Physics (Romania)
Doina M. Gazdaru, Univ. din Bucuresti (Romania)
Adriana A. Smarandache, National Institute for Laser, Plasma, and Radiation Physics (Romania)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5581:
ROMOPTO 2003: Seventh Conference on Optics
Valentin I. Vlad, Editor(s)

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