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Proceedings Paper

Using the decay of intrinsic tyrosine fluorescence of core particles to monitor conformational changes
Author(s): David W. Brown; Louis J. Libertini; Enoch W. Small
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Paper Abstract

This paper examines the effect of ionic strength on the decay of intrinsic tyrosine fluorescence from chromatin core particles. All measured decays were complex, showing at least four components. At 0.1 M salt the average lifetime was approximately 0.5 ns with 67% of the emitting tyrosines having lifetimes on the order of 0.3 ns, 30% near 0.8 ns, and the remainder around 1.8 ns. The average lifetime increases continuously by about 50% as the ionic strength is decreased to very low values. The decrease was characterized by a small shift in contributions from components with approximately 0.3 ns lifetimes mainly to components with lifetimes on the order of 1.8 ns. The rate of change was greatest over the range of the low-salt transition ([Na]> 0.5 mM). As the salt concentration was increased beyond 0.1 M a large increase in average lifetime is observed as the histone proteins within the core particle dissociate from the DNA. The average lifetime increased to a maximum of approximately 1.6 ns due to a large decrease in contribution from components with approximately 0.3 ns lifetimes accompanied by the appearance of components with lifetimes mainly from approximately 1.8 to approximately 4.0 ns. Throughout the range of salt examined the changes in average decay lifetime paralleled changes in the steady-state fluorescence intensity. This agreement indicates that all tyrosines contributing to the fluorescence at very high and very low salt also contribute at intermediate (0.1 M) salt. It is not necessary, as suggested by others, to consider some tyrosines to be statically quenched in the intact core particle.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1992
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1640, Time-Resolved Laser Spectroscopy in Biochemistry III, (1 April 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.58277
Show Author Affiliations
David W. Brown, Oregon State Univ. (United States)
Louis J. Libertini, Eastern Washington Univ. (United States)
Enoch W. Small, Eastern Washington Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1640:
Time-Resolved Laser Spectroscopy in Biochemistry III
Joseph R. Lakowicz, Editor(s)

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