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Proceedings Paper

Development of blood extraction system designed by female mosquito's blood sampling mechanism for bio-MEMS
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Paper Abstract

A compact and wearable wristwatch type Bio-MEMS such as a health monitoring system (HMS) to detect blood sugar level for diabetic patient, was newly developed. The HMS consists of (1) a indentation unit with a microneedle to generate the skin penetration force using a shape memory alloy(SMA) actuator, (2) a pumping unit using a bimorph PZT piezoelectric actuator to extract the blood and (3) a gold (Au) electrode as a biosensor immobilized GOx and attached to the gate electrode of MOSFET to detect the amount of Glucose in extracted blood. GOx was immobilized on a self assembled spacer combined with an Au electrode by the cross-link method using BSA as an additional bonding material. The device can extract blood in a few microliter through a painless microneedle with the negative pressure by deflection of the bimorph PZT piezoelectric actuator produced in the blood chamber, by the similar way the female mosquito extracts human blood with muscle motion to flex or relax. The performances of the liquid sampling ability of the pumping unit through a microneedle (3.8mm length, 100μm internal diameter) using the bimorph PZT piezoelectric microactuator were measured. The blood extraction micro device could extract human blood at the speed of 2μl/min, and it is enough volume to measure a glucose level, compared to the amount of commercial based glucose level monitor. The electrode embedded in the blood extraction device chamber could detect electrons generated by the hydrolysis of hydrogen peroxide produced by the reaction between GOx and glucose in a few microliter extracted blood, using the constant electric current measurement system of the MOSFET type hybrid biosensor. The output voltage for the glucose diluted in the chamber was increased lineally with increase of the glucose concentration.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 February 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5651, Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering II, (16 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.582339
Show Author Affiliations
Kazuyoshi Tsuchiya, Osaka Institute of Technology (Japan)
Naoyuki Nakanishi, Osaka Institute of Technology (Japan)
Eiji Nakamachi, Osaka Institute of Technology (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5651:
Biomedical Applications of Micro- and Nanoengineering II
Dan V. Nicolau, Editor(s)

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