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Proceedings Paper

Passive infrared imaging sensor for standoff detection of methane leaks
Author(s): Bogdan R. Cosofret; William J. Marinelli; Teoman E. Ustun; Christopher M. Gittins; Mark T. Boies; Michael F. Hinds; David C. Rossi; Robin L. Coxe; Shing D. Chang; Byron D. Green; Takashi Nakamura
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Paper Abstract

Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has developed an imaging sensor for remote detection of natural gas (methane) leaks. The sensor is comprised of an IR focal plane array-based camera which views the far field through a rapidly tunable Fabry-Perot interferometer. The interferometer functions as a wavelength-variable bandpass filter which selects the wavelength illuminating the focal plane array. The sensor generates 128 pixel x 128 pixel 'methane images' with a spatial resolution of 1 m (>100 x 100 pixel field-of-view). The methane column density at each pixel in the image is calculated in real time using an algorithm which estimates and compensates for line-of-sight atmospheric transmission. The compensation algorithm incorporates range-to-target as well as local air temperature and humidity. System tests conducted at 200 m standoff from sensor to leak location indicate probability of detection >90% for methane column densities >1000 ppmv-m and >2K thermal contrast between the air and the background. The probability of false alarm is <0.2% under these detection conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 December 2004
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5584, Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection II, (14 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.581190
Show Author Affiliations
Bogdan R. Cosofret, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
William J. Marinelli, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Teoman E. Ustun, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Christopher M. Gittins, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Mark T. Boies, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Michael F. Hinds, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
David C. Rossi, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Robin L. Coxe, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Shing D. Chang, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Byron D. Green, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Takashi Nakamura, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5584:
Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection II
James O. Jensen; Jean-Marc Theriault, Editor(s)

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