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Proceedings Paper

The application of laser micromachining technology in fiber optic sensing
Author(s): Desheng Jiang; Sijin Xin; Renxuan Wei; Jun Huang
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Paper Abstract

Micromachining of optic fiber is one of the key technologies in the field of fiber optic sensing. In this paper, the progress of optic fiber machining has been discussed and our study in this field has been described. Because the main component of fiber optic materials is SiO2 and the optic fibers are thin, small, hard and crisp, the results of micromachining of optic fiber are poor by using traditional methods. It is impossible to do the partial precise modification for optic fibers or make holes on them and therefore it is difficult to meet the needs of practical use. The newly deep ultraviolet light micromachining technology is the effective technology for the micromachining of optic fiber. By using excimer laser, the three-dimensional micromachining of fiber materials has been studied, and the results show that with the increase of the pulse laser energy, the etching width of the fiber grooves will increase and then keep unchanged after the pulse laser energy reaches a certain value. For the two-dimensional micromachining of fiber materials, it was found that the etching was related to the focused spot quality such as energy uniformity, scanning velocity and repetition frequency, which provides theoretical and technical preliminary for the direct micromachining of optic fiber using excimer laser. Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors are new sensors which developed in recently years and have important application in many fields. FBG is the key sensing element and can be prepared by the precise micro modification of fiber optic materials. In this paper, the study on the micromachining to change precisely the local refractive ratio of optic fiber materials with excimer laser has performed and FBG can be formed in this way. Various kinds of FBG including single mode, multimode, chirp and long period fiber grating have been prepared, and the FBG sensors for the detection of stress/strain, pressure, temperature, vibration have been manufactured and used in many fields such as bridges, petroleum chemistry, industry and civil construction, navigation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 December 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5641, MEMS/MOEMS Technologies and Applications II, (30 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.581189
Show Author Affiliations
Desheng Jiang, Wuhan Univ. of Technology (China)
Sijin Xin, Wuhan Univ. of Technology (China)
Renxuan Wei, Wuhan Univ. of Technology (China)
Jun Huang, Wuhan Univ. of Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5641:
MEMS/MOEMS Technologies and Applications II
Zhichun Ma; Guofan Jin; Xuyuan Chen, Editor(s)

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