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Proceedings Paper

Study of the interaction mechanisms between different materials and pulses from CO2- and Nd:YAG-lasers using digital speckle photography
Author(s): Natalia Miroshnikova; Olga Yalukova; Mikael Sjödahl; Istvan Sarady
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Paper Abstract

Pulsed irradiation from CO2- and Nd:YAG lasers focused on the front side of different plates produces nearly instantaneous surface changes on the rear side of the plate. The responses of the materials depend on physical parameters such as pulse energy and duration, photon energy, the absorption and mechanical characteristics of the target material. The equipment built up for visualization of these phenomena consists of a cw. He-Ne laser, a digital CCD camera and a fast computer. The analysis is done using Digital Speckle Photography (DSP). Using focused and defocused laser speckle patterns, DSP enables measurement of in-plane strain fields, Brownian motion and residual micro-structural changes in the material caused by a laser pulse. Results are obtained at the frame rate of the digital camera and allow the creation of animated real-time or “movie” sequences. Results from CO2- and Nd:YAG pulse interaction on Al2O3 ceramics and steel plates will be presented. The Brownian motion during the relaxation phase is more or less localized to the impacted area for both materials and both wavelengths but the relaxation times differ significantly. Steel also exhibits some residual material changes and doesn’t recover completely while Al2O3 returns to its initial state some time after the impact.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 July 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5506, Nonresonant Laser-Matter Interaction (NLMI-11), (15 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.579998
Show Author Affiliations
Natalia Miroshnikova, Lulea Univ. of Technology (Switzerland)
St. Petersburg Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics (Russia)
Olga Yalukova, Lulea Univ. of Technology (Sweden)
St. Petersburg Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics (Russia)
Mikael Sjödahl, Lulea Univ. of Technology (Sweden)
Istvan Sarady, Lulea Univ. of Technology (Sweden)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5506:
Nonresonant Laser-Matter Interaction (NLMI-11)
Mikhail N. Libenson, Editor(s)

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