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Proceedings Paper

Highly accurate FTIR observations from the scanning HIS aircraft instrument
Author(s): Henry E. Revercomb; David C. Tobin; Robert O. Knuteson; Fred A. Best; William L. Smith; Paul F. W. van Delst; Daniel Darch LaPorte; Scott D. Ellington; Mark W. Werner; Ralph G. Dedecker; Raymond K. Garcia; Nick N. Ciganovich; Hugh Benjamin Howell; Erik R. Olson; Steven B. Dutcher; Joseph K. Taylor
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Paper Abstract

Development in the mid 80s of the High-resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS) instrument for the high altitude NASA ER2 aircraft demonstrated the capability for advanced atmospheric temperature and water vapor sounding and set the stage for new satellite instruments that are now becoming a reality [AIRS(2002), CrIS(2006), IASI(2006), GIFTS(200?), HES(2013)]. Follow-on developments at the University of Wisconsin that employ Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) for Earth observations include the ground-based Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) and the new Scanning HIS aircraft instrument. The Scanning HIS is a smaller version of the original HIS that uses cross-track scanning to enhance spatial coverage. Scanning HIS and its close cousin, the NPOESS Airborne Sounder Testbed (NAST), are being used for satellite instrument validation and for atmospheric research. A novel detector configuration on Scanning HIS allows the incorporation of a single focal plane and cooler with three or four spectral bands that view the same spot on the ground. The calibration accuracy of the S-HIS and results from recent field campaigns are presented, including validation comparisons with the NASA EOS infrared observations (AIRS and MODIS). Aircraft comparisons of this type provide a mechanism for periodically testing the absolute calibration of spacecraft instruments with instrumentation for which the calibration can be carefully maintained on the ground. This capability is especially valuable for assuring the long-term consistency and accuracy of climate observations, including those from the NASA EOS spacecrafts (Terra, Aqua and Aura) and the new complement of NPOESS operational instruments. It is expected that aircraft flights of the S-HIS and the NAST will be used to check the long-term stability of AIRS and the NPOESS operational follow-on sounder, the Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS), over the life of the mission.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 January 2005
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5655, Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Instruments and Applications II, (20 January 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.579018
Show Author Affiliations
Henry E. Revercomb, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
David C. Tobin, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Robert O. Knuteson, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Fred A. Best, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
William L. Smith, Hampton Univ. (United States)
Paul F. W. van Delst, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Daniel Darch LaPorte, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Scott D. Ellington, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Mark W. Werner, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Ralph G. Dedecker, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Raymond K. Garcia, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Nick N. Ciganovich, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Hugh Benjamin Howell, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Erik R. Olson, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Steven B. Dutcher, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)
Joseph K. Taylor, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5655:
Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Instruments and Applications II
Allen M. Larar; Makoto Suzuki; Qingxi Tong, Editor(s)

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