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Proceedings Paper

Modeling of millimetre-wave and terahertz imaging systems
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Paper Abstract

In order to improve the design and analyse the performance of efficient terahertz optical systems, novel quasi-optical components along with dedicated software tools are required. At sub-millimetre wavelengths, diffraction dominates the propagation of radiation within quasi-optical systems and conventional geometrical optics techniques are not adequate to accurately guide the beams or assess optical efficiency. In fact, in general Optical design in the terahertz waveband suffers from a lack of dedicated commercial software packages for modelling the range of electromagnetic propagation regimes that are important in such systems. In this paper we describe the physical basis for efficient CAD software tools we are developing to specifically model long wavelength systems. The goal is the creation of a user-friendly package for optical engineers allowing potential systems to be quickly simulated as well as also providing an analytical tool for verification of existing optical systems. The basic approach to modelling such optical trains is the application of modal analysis e.g. [1][2], which we have extended to include scattering at common off-axis conic reflectors. Other analytical techniques are also ncluded within the CAD software framework such as plane wave decomposition and full physical optics. We also present preliminary analytical methods for characterising standing waves that can occur in terahertz systems and report on novel binary optical components for this wavelength range. Much of this development work has been applied to space instrumentation but is relevant for all Terahertz Imaging systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 December 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5619, Passive Millimetre-Wave and Terahertz Imaging and Technology, (8 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.578674
Show Author Affiliations
Marcin Lukasz Gradziel, National Univ. of Ireland/Maynooth (Ireland)
David White, National Univ. of Ireland/Maynooth (Ireland)
Tallaght Institute of Technology (Ireland)
Neal Trappe, National Univ. of Ireland/Maynooth (Ireland)
Ronan J. Mahon, National Univ. of Ireland/Maynooth (Ireland)
Timothy J. Finn, National Univ. of Ireland/Maynooth (Ireland)
Stafford Withington, Cavendish Lab. (United Kingdom)
Anthony Murphy, National Univ. of Ireland/Maynooth (Ireland)
Creidhe M. O'Sullivan, National Univ. of Ireland/Maynooth (Ireland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5619:
Passive Millimetre-Wave and Terahertz Imaging and Technology
Roger Appleby; J. Martyn Chamberlain; Keith A. Krapels, Editor(s)

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