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Proceedings Paper

Laser-machined microfluidic bioreactors with printed scaffolds and integrated optical waveguides
Author(s): Michael N. Nguyen; Heather D. Fahlenkamp; Russell G. Higbee; Anatoly M. Kachurin; Kenneth H. Church; William L. Warren
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Paper Abstract

Laser micromachining combined with digital printing allows rapid prototyping of complex bioreactors with reduced fabrication times compared to multi-mask photolithography. Microfluidic bioreactors with integrated optical waveguides for diagnostics have been fabricated via ultrashort pulse laser micromachining and digital printing. The microfluidic channels are directly laser machined into poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) silicone elastomer. Multimode optical waveguides are formed by coating the PDMS with alternating refractive index polymer layers and laser machining to define the waveguide geometry. Tapered alignment grooves are also laser machined to aid in coupling optical fibers to the waveguides. Three-dimensional (3-D) bio-scaffold matrices comprising liquid solutions that can be selectively and rapidly gelled are digitally printed inside the bioreactors and filled with nutrient rich media and cells. This paper will describe the maskless fabrication of complex 3-D bioreactors and discuss their performance characteristics.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 December 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5591, Lab-on-a-Chip: Platforms, Devices, and Applications, (8 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.578446
Show Author Affiliations
Michael N. Nguyen, VaxDesign Corp. (United States)
Heather D. Fahlenkamp, VaxDesign Corp. (United States)
Russell G. Higbee, VaxDesign Corp. (United States)
Anatoly M. Kachurin, VaxDesign Corp. (United States)
Kenneth H. Church, Sciperio, Inc. (United States)
William L. Warren, VaxDesign Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5591:
Lab-on-a-Chip: Platforms, Devices, and Applications
Linda A. Smith; Daniel Sobek, Editor(s)

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