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Proceedings Paper

Optical techniques to understand biofunctional adaptation in human dentine
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Paper Abstract

Human tooth structure in the oral environment is subjected to mechanical forces and thermal fluctuations. Dentine, the major component of the tooth structure, is a bio-composite, mainly composed of a highly mineralized phase and a collagenous phase. When subjected to changes in load and/or temperature, dentine will experience stresses and strains distribution within their structure. Though such effects are found to cause deleterious effects on artificial dental restorations, biological structures such as dentine seem to posses an inherent ability to adapt to functional thermo-mechanical loads. Optical techniques enable visualization and quantification of deformation, strain and stress on dental structures and provide a better understanding on their thermo-mechanical response. In this study 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional digital photoelasticity, digital moiré interferometry and Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) are all shown to be quite promising in this application. This paper will highlight these techniques and the corresponding applications. These experiments will aid in designing and development of better dental restorations and implants in clinical practice.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 August 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5474, Saratov Fall Meeting 2003: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine V, (20 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.578378
Show Author Affiliations
Anil Kishen, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
Anand Krishna Asundi, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5474:
Saratov Fall Meeting 2003: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine V
Valery V. Tuchin, Editor(s)

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