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Proceedings Paper

A numerical simulation on estimation of snow wetness with dual-frequency and polarization radar
Author(s): Jiancheng Shi; Linmei Jiang
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Paper Abstract

In hydrological investigations, modeling and forecasting of snow melt runoff requires timely information about snow properties and their spatial variability. The liquid water content in snow pack is an important parameter. Previous study1 has indicated that the fully polarimetric C-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is capable to estimate the free liquid water content-snow wetness-in the top layer of a snow pack quantitatively. The objective of this study is to evaluate the capability of a radar system with measurements of the dual frequency (C-band 5.3 GHz and Ku-band 13.4 GHz) and of the dual-polarization (VV and HV) in estimation of snow wetness based on the numerical simulation. We have established C-band and Ku-band radar wet snow data-base by using second-order radiative transfer backscattering model. The data-base covers the most possible wet snow physical properties and surface roughness conditions. Using this data-base, an inversion algorithm has been developed for snow wetness retrieval. The newly developed algorithm mainly involved two steps: 1) decomposing the surface and volume scattering signals using depolarization factor, and 2) using each scattering component (surface or volume backscattering signals) to estimate snow wetness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 December 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5654, Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment IV, (22 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.578305
Show Author Affiliations
Jiancheng Shi, Univ. of California/Santa Barbara (United States)
Linmei Jiang, Univ. of California/Santa Barbara (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5654:
Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment IV
Gail Skofronick Jackson; Seiho Uratsuka, Editor(s)

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