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Proceedings Paper

Light-addressable bacteriorhodopsin photocell
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Paper Abstract

Bacteriorhodopsin (bR) thin films have been investigated in recent years as a viable biomaterial for constructing micro- or nanoscale optical devices. During illumination, the bR molecules in the thin film undergo a photocycle that is followed by a proton transport from the cytoplasmatic side to the extracellular side of the cell membrane. The photoelectric response induced by the charge displacement can be influenced by both the wavelength and intensity of the impinging light sources. A photocell based on the photoelectric properties of a thin bR film is described in this paper. The bR-based photocell is built as a sandwich-structural device with an ITO (Indium Tin Oxide) electrode/bR film/ITO electrode configuration. The photocell is fabricated by depositing the oriented bR film onto the grounded ITO electrode. The cytoplasmic side of the bR membrane is attached to the ITO conductive surface and the extracelluar side is placed in contact with the second ITO electrode that provides the signal input to the instrumentation circuit. A polyester thin film was used as the spacer separating the two ITO electrodes. The size of the active area of the photocell is about 10×10 mm. A HeNe laser coupled with an acoustic-optical scanning system is used as the light source. Experimental results confirm that the photoelectric response generated by the bR-photocell prototype is durable, stable, and highly sensitive to changes in light intensity. The sensitivity of the proposed signal transducer is 10.25mV/mW. The wavelength dependence of the photoelectric responses is similar to the optical absorption spectrum of bR membrane.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 October 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5602, Optomechatronic Sensors, Actuators, and Control, (25 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.578033
Show Author Affiliations
Wei Wei Wang, Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
George K. Knopf, Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
Amarjeet S. Bassi, Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5602:
Optomechatronic Sensors, Actuators, and Control
Kee S. Moon, Editor(s)

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