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Proceedings Paper

Improvement of characteristic temperature for AlGaInP laser diodes
Author(s): Man-Fang Huang; Meng-Lun Tsai; Yen-Kuang Kuo
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Paper Abstract

An optimized 650-nm AlGaInP multiple-quantum-well (MQW) laser, which has a compressively strained graded-index separate confinement heterostructure (GRIN-SCH), with improved characteristic temperature, is described. We theoretically show that the parabolic GRIN-SCH has a better carrier injection and smaller overflow than the conventional step-SCH for the AlGaInP LD under identical optical confinement. We have also calculated the electron distribution in the quantum wells for both GRIN-SCH-4QW and SCH-4QW at high temperature. The results indicate that the electron leakage to the p-cladding layer is greatly reduced if the GRIN-SCH-4QW structure is used. We have also compared the performance of LDs with different GRIN-SCH profiles and found that the parabolic GRIN-SCH is better than linear GRIN-SCH in terms of carrier confinement. We have further demonstrated the performance of AlGaInP LDs with four different structures (4-QW step-SCH, 5-QW step-SCH, 4-QW parabolic-GRIN-SCH and 5-QW parabolic-GRIN-SCH). Both theoretical and experimental results indicate that the laser diode with GRIN-SCH-4QW shows the best laser performance among the three structures. A characteristic temperature of 110 K has been demonstrated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 January 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5628, Semiconductor Lasers and Applications II, (20 January 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.576671
Show Author Affiliations
Man-Fang Huang, National Changhua Univ. of Education (Taiwan)
Meng-Lun Tsai, National Changhua Univ. of Education (Taiwan)
Yen-Kuang Kuo, National Changhua Univ. of Education (Taiwan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5628:
Semiconductor Lasers and Applications II
Jian-quan Yao; Yung Jui Chen; Seok Lee, Editor(s)

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