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Proceedings Paper

On interaction between MAC and transport layers for media streaming in 802.11 ad hoc networks
Author(s): Kitae Nahm; Ahmed Helmy; C.-C. Jay Kuo
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Paper Abstract

We examine the validity of TCP-friendliness and the utility of equation-based congestion control as a mean for the media streaming service in 802.11 multi-hop networks. Our investigation is motivated by the recent findings of the bandwidth-delay product of 802.11 multi-hop networks via intensive computer simulations. We show that TCP behavior in 802.11 multi-hop networks is generally inefficient and unstable because the standard TCP is too aggressive considering the low bandwidth-delay product of 802.11 networks. We introduce the concept of the `fractional window' mechanism (which resembles the stop-and-go protocol) for TCP, and show that the modified TCP is more stable and efficient while outperforming the legacy TCP in 802.11-based ad hoc networks. Finally, we show that many of the typical problems of TCP protocol (performance, network fairness, and TCP-friendliness) in 802.11 networks can be solved simply by increasing the bandwidth-delay product of 802.11 networks without any TCP modification. Based on this observation, we conclude that the assumption of the ideal steady-state TCP behavior is generally invalid in 802.11 multi-hop networking environment, and that congestion control based on TCP-friendly equation can hardly provide TCP-fair throughput and smoothness in 802.11 multi-hop networking environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 October 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5600, Multimedia Systems and Applications VII, (25 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.572064
Show Author Affiliations
Kitae Nahm, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Ahmed Helmy, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
C.-C. Jay Kuo, Univ. of Southern California (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5600:
Multimedia Systems and Applications VII
Chang Wen Chen; C.-C. Jay Kuo; Anthony Vetro, Editor(s)

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