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Proceedings Paper

Quantum dot detectors for mid-infrared sensing: bias-controlled spectral tuning and matched filtering
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Paper Abstract

Quantum-dot infrared photodetectors (QDIPs), based on intersubband transitions in nanoscale self-assembled dots, are perceived as a promising technology for mid-infrared-regime sensing since they are based on a mature GaAs technology, are sensitive to normal incidence radiation, exhibit large quantum confined stark effect that can be exploited for hyperspectral imaging, and have lower dark currents than their quantum well counterparts. High detectivity (D* = 1.0E11 cmHz1/2/W at 9 microns) QDIPs have been recently shown to exhibit broad spectral responses approximately 2-micron FWHM) with a bias-dependent shift in their peak wavelengths. This controllable, bias dependent spectral diversity, in conjunction with signal-processing strategies, allows us to extend the operation of the QDIP sensors to a new modality that enables us to achieve: (1) spectral tunability (single- or multi-color) in the range 2-12 microns in the presence of the QDIP's dark current; and (2) multispectral matched filtering in the same range. The spectral tuning is achieved by forming an optimal weighted sum of multiple photocurrent measurements, taken of the object to be probed, one for each bias in a set of prescribed operational biases. For each desired spectral response, the number and values of the prescribed biases and their associated weights are tailored so that the superposition response is as close as possible, in the mean-square-error sense, to the response of a sensor that is optically tuned to the desired spectrum. The spectral matching is achieved similarly but with a different criterion for selecting the weights and biases. They are selected, in conjunction with orthogonal-subspace-projection principles in hyperspectral classification, to nullify the interfering spectral signatures and maximize the signal-to noise ratio of the output. This, in turn, optimizes the classification of the objects according to their spectral signatures. Experimental results will be presented to demonstrate the QDIP sensor's capabilities in these new modalities. The effect of dark current noise on the spectral-tuning capability is particularly investigated. Examples of narrowband and wideband multispectral photocurrent synthesis as well as matched filtering are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 December 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5593, Nanosensing: Materials and Devices, (29 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.571326
Show Author Affiliations
Unal Sakoglu, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Zhipeng Wang, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Majeed M. Hayat, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
J. Scott Tyo, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Senthil Annamalai, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Philip Dowd, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Sanjay Krishna, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5593:
Nanosensing: Materials and Devices
M. Saif Islam; Achyut K. Dutta, Editor(s)

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