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Proceedings Paper

Experimental verification of fast analytical models for four-wave mixing (FWM)-impaired transparent optical networks
Author(s): Stephan Pachnicke; Erik de Man; Stefan J. Spalter; Edgar I. Voges
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Paper Abstract

In this paper four-wave mixing (FWM) and its impact on multi-span NRZ-modulated wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) systems are examined. The impact of the inline dispersion compensation map on FWM impairments is crucial. From re-circulating loop experiments as well as our analytical model worst-case conditions for the dispersion map are found. Furthermore, the impact of increasing the number of WDM channels is investigated. An analytical model is presented to assess the signal degradation. The impairments due to FWM are related to a Q-factor or an EOP. The presented formulas are applied to different dispersion compensation schemes and also mixed-fiber systems. The analytical model is verified by system simulations employing the split-step Fourier method as well as re-circulating loop experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 February 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5625, Optical Transmission, Switching, and Subsystems II, (11 February 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.569255
Show Author Affiliations
Stephan Pachnicke, Univ. of Dortmund (Germany)
Erik de Man, Siemens AG (Germany)
Stefan J. Spalter, Siemens AG (Germany)
Edgar I. Voges, Univ. of Dortmund (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5625:
Optical Transmission, Switching, and Subsystems II
Cedric F. Lam; Wanyi Gu; Norbert Hanik; Kimio Oguchi, Editor(s)

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