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Proceedings Paper

Development of a portable multiphoton photo-acoustic spectroscopy system for tumor diagnostics
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we describe the development of a novel fiber optic probe for subsurface tumor diagnostics, based on non-resonant multiphoton photoacoustic spectroscopy (NMPPAS). In this technique, endogenous biomarkers present in tissues are irradiated in the near infrared, using a tunable high-power laser. The resulting multiphoton excitation events are detected as an acoustic (i.e. ultrasonic) signal, using an ultrasonic piezoelectric transducer. The signal from the piezoelectric transducer is then corrected for laser power fluctuations by normalizing the NMPPAS signal at each wavelength with the laser intensity recorded, from an optical diode. By scanning the laser excitation over the appropriate wavelength range for the tissue of interest, absorption differences between normal and tumor tissues can be measured and analyzed. The fiber optic probe was characterized and optimized for transmission efficiency as well as its time dependent response to high power laser pulses. The focusing optics were optimized and a piezoelectric transducer film detector chosen based on its sensitivity in the ultrasonic frequency range of interest. Using this probe system NMPPAS measurements were performed on several common fluorescent dyes including rhodamine 6G as well as well-characterized biomarkers like tryptophan. Furthermore, the technique was further successfully applied to the differentiation of tumorous and healthy human brain tissues.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 December 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5588, Smart Medical and Biomedical Sensor Technology II, (7 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.568107
Show Author Affiliations
Nirmala Chandrasekharan, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)
John B. Kiser, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)
Brian M. Cullum, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5588:
Smart Medical and Biomedical Sensor Technology II
Brian M. Cullum, Editor(s)

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