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Proceedings Paper

Novel multilayered SERS substrates for trace chemical and biochemical analysis
Author(s): Honggang Li; Pranav H. Patel; Brian M. Cullum
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Paper Abstract

We have developed and characterized novel multilayered metal film-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates capable of enhancing SERS signals over an order of magnitude compared to conventional single layer substrates. In addition to enhanced signal intensity, these multilayered metal film substrates also exhibit longer SERS active lifetimes, higher reproducibility and lower detection limits than single layer silver substrates. Multilayered metal film substrates were fabricated by repeated vapor deposition of metal films over nanometer sized silica spheres. Different sizes of silica spheres were evaluated in order to obtain the optimal SERS enhancements. Meanwhile, different coating methods, drop coating and spin coating, were applied to form silica sphere layers that provided the roughness for SERS enhancements. These two coating methods were also compared for various silica sphere sizes by investigating their effects on the SERS enhancements. By applying additional silver layers on top of silver film over silica sphere SERS substrates, multi-layer enhancements can be observed. Additionally, different metals, such as gold, were used to further optimize the stability and reproducibility of these novel substrates. In order to speed up the fabrication of these multiple metal layer SERS substrates, silver oxide layers produced in an oven were investigated, reducing fabrication time by a factor of 50.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 December 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5588, Smart Medical and Biomedical Sensor Technology II, (7 December 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.568039
Show Author Affiliations
Honggang Li, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)
Pranav H. Patel, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)
Brian M. Cullum, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5588:
Smart Medical and Biomedical Sensor Technology II
Brian M. Cullum, Editor(s)

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