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Proceedings Paper

Implementation of a transparent etch stop layer for an improved alternating PSM
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Paper Abstract

Alternating phase shift masks (alt. PSM) are emerging as an attractive resolution enhancement technique. Although alt. PSM is a technique that clearly improves resolution, there are some inherent disadvantages that are induced by the manufacturing process. Intensity imbalance, phase non-uniformity and quartz defects diminish the performance of an alternating PSM. Many of these disadvantages can be a result of imprecise quartz etching. By implementing a transparent etch stop layer, these deficiencies can be minimized. The etch stop layer ensures that all of the quartz is etched and that over-etching will not induce a phase-shift error. This produces improved phase uniformity and eliminates quartz defects. The etch stop layer also has the ability to improve the image intensity balancing by reducing the intensity through the zero degree region. This paper discusses the advantages and manufacturability of alt. PSM using a transparent etch stop layer.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 June 2004
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5504, 20th European Conference on Mask Technology for Integrated Circuits and Microcomponents, (2 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.568018
Show Author Affiliations
Michael J. Cangemi, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Darren Taylor, Photronics, Inc. (United States)
Matthew Lassiter, Photronics, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5504:
20th European Conference on Mask Technology for Integrated Circuits and Microcomponents
Uwe F. W. Behringer, Editor(s)

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