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Proceedings Paper

High-resolution vegetation index as measured by radar and its validation with spectrometer
Author(s): Hamed Parsiani; Maritza Torres; Pedro A. Rodriguez
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Paper Abstract

Changes in vegetation can affect our health, the environment and the economy. Understanding this, twenty years ago scientists began to use satellite remote sensors to monitor major fluctuations in vegetation and understand how it affects the environment. The pixel accuracy of some Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites is now at near one meter resolution. A new formulation of vegetation index using such active sensors will greatly improve the Vegetation health accuracy. Attempt has been made by M. Tokunaga to relate ERS-SAR satellite sensor data of vegetation canopies to the LANDSAT TM satellite sensor measurements, both at 30 meter resolution. A correlation was observed above Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) of 0.4, but their experiment was not based on the data taken by the two satellite sensors at the same time period. In this research, a correlation is determined between the active and passive measurements of the vegetation index, at very high resolution. The measurements take place at the near ground level over varied vegetation health, using a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), and a handheld Spectrometer. The GPR and the handheld Spectrometer have the same field of view, so it is possible to compare data for the whole range of NDVI. Both measurements take place one right after the other, to allow an accurate comparison. The goal of this research is to define a new vegetation index, using active sensors. The GPR operating at 1.5 GHz produces images that contain backscatter signals obtained from vegetation. These images are processed by a filter to eliminate clutter and noise. The Fourier amplitude and phase characteristics of the vegetation health are extracted from the backscatter signal. The same vegetation is subjected to the spectrometer measurements. Our results show a linear correlation between power of GPR backscatter signal and the NDVI as calculated by the spectrometer data. As a continuity of this work, the ground validation will be compared to the active/passive satellite sensors for the measurement of vegetation health.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 November 2004
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5573, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing X, (10 November 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.566436
Show Author Affiliations
Hamed Parsiani, Univ. de Puerto Rico/Mayaguez (United States)
Maritza Torres, Univ. de Puerto Rico/Mayaguez (United States)
Pedro A. Rodriguez, Univ. de Puerto Rico/Mayaguez (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5573:
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing X
Lorenzo Bruzzone, Editor(s)

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