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Proceedings Paper

FTIR gas chromatographic analysis of perfumes
Author(s): H. Diederich; Phillip J. Stout; Stephen L. Hill; K. Krishnan
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Paper Abstract

Perfumes, natural or synthetic, are complex mixtures consisting of numerous components. Gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques have been extensively utilized for the analysis of perfumes and essential oils. A limited number of perfume samples have also been analyzed by FT-IR gas chromatographic (GC-FTIR) techniques. Most of the latter studies have been performed using the conventional light pipe (LP) based GC-FTIR systems. In recent years, cold-trapping (in a matrix or neat) GC-FTIR systems have become available. The cold-trapping systems are capable of sub-nanogram sensitivities. In this paper, comparison data between the LP and the neat cold-trapping GC- FTIR systems is presented. The neat cold-trapping interface is known as Tracer. The results of GC-FTIR analysis of some commercial perfumes is also presented. For comparison of LP and Tracer GC-FTIR systems, a reference (synthetic) mixture containing 16 major and numerous minor constituents was used. The components of the mixture are the compounds commonly encountered in commercial perfumes. The GC-FTIR spectra of the reference mixture was obtained under identical chromatographic conditions from an LP and a Tracer system. A comparison of the two sets of data thus generated do indeed show the enhanced sensitivity level of the Tracer system. The comparison also shows that some of the major components detected by the Tracer system were absent from the LP data. Closer examination reveals that these compounds undergo thermal decomposition on contact with the hot gold surface that is part of the LP system. GC-FTIR data were obtained for three commercial perfume samples. The major components of these samples could easily be identified by spectra search against a digitized spectral library created using the Tracer data from the reference mixture.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1992
PDF: 2 pages
Proc. SPIE 1575, 8th Intl Conf on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, (1 March 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.56312
Show Author Affiliations
H. Diederich, Bio-Rad Labs. GmbH (Germany)
Phillip J. Stout, Bio-Rad Labs. GmbH (United States)
Stephen L. Hill, Bio-Rad Labs. GmbH (United States)
K. Krishnan, Bio-Rad Labs. GmbH (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1575:
8th Intl Conf on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy
Herbert Michael Heise; Ernst Heiner Korte; Heinz W. Siesler, Editor(s)

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