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Proceedings Paper

Compact x-ray generator utilizing cerium-target tube for angiography
Author(s): Eiichi Sato; Etsuro Tanaka; Hidezo Mori; Toshiaki Kawai; Fumihito Ito; Toshio Ichimaru; Shigehiro Sato; Kazuyoshi Takayama; Hideaki Ido
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Paper Abstract

The cerium-target x-ray tube is useful in order to perform cone beam K-edge angiography because K-series characteristic x rays from the cerium target are absorbed effectively by iodine-based contrast mediums. The x-ray generator consists of a main controller and a unit with a high-voltage circuit and a fixed anode x-ray tube. The tube is a glass-enclosed diode with a cerium target and a 0.5 mm-thick beryllium window. The maximum tube voltage and current were 65 kV and 0.4 mA, respectively, and the focal-spot sizes were 1.3×0.9 mm. Cerium K-series characteristic x rays were left using a 3.0 mm-thick aluminum filter, and the x-ray intensity was 0.59 μC/kg at 1.0 m from the source with a tube voltage of 60 kV, a current of 0.40 mA, and an exposure time of 1.0 s. Angiography was performed with a computed radiography system using iodine-based microspheres 15 μm in diameter. In angiography of non-living animals, we observed fine blood vessels of approximately 100 μm with high contrasts.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 November 2004
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5537, X-Ray Sources and Optics, (3 November 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.560534
Show Author Affiliations
Eiichi Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Etsuro Tanaka, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture (Japan)
Hidezo Mori, National Cardiovascular Ctr. Research Institute (Japan)
Toshiaki Kawai, Hamamatsu Photonics Inc. (Japan)
Fumihito Ito, Digital Culture Technology Corp. (Japan)
Toshio Ichimaru, Hirosaki Univ. (Japan)
Shigehiro Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Kazuyoshi Takayama, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
Hideaki Ido, Tohoku Gakuin Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5537:
X-Ray Sources and Optics
Carolyn A. MacDonald; Albert T. Macrander; Tetsuya Ishikawa; Christian Morawe; James L. Wood, Editor(s)

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