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Control and elimination of the effect of ambient temperature fluctuations on photonic bandgap device operation
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Paper Abstract

As photonic bandgap (PBG) technology matures and practical devices are realized, the effects of environmental factors, such as ambient temperature, on PBG device operation must be considered. The position of a PBG is determined by the geometry and refractive index of the constituent materials. Therefore, a thermally induced material expansion or refractive index change will alter the location of the PBG and affect the operation of PBG devices. In order to achieve faster switching times for PBG optical interconnects, enhanced sensitivity for PBG sensors, and smaller channel spacing for PBG-based wavelength division multiplexing, increasingly narrow PBG resonances are required. The drawback for the improved device operation is increased sensitivity to small changes in environmental conditions. A method to control and eliminate thermally induced drifts of silicon-based PBG structures has been developed based on a simple oxidation treatment. Oxide coverage of the silicon matrix provides a counterforce to the effect of the temperature dependent silicon refractive index. Depending on the degree of oxidation achieved, a redshift, no shift, or a blueshift of the PBG resonance results when the silicon-based PBG structure is heated. Control over the effects of thermal fluctuations has been demonstrated for two different PBG structure designs. Extensive reflectance and x-ray diffraction measurements have been performed to understand the mechanism behind this oxidation procedure as it relates to one-dimensional silicon-based PBG microcavities.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 October 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5511, Tuning the Optical Response of Photonic Bandgap Structures, (14 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.560458
Show Author Affiliations
Sharon M. Weiss, Institute of Optics/Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Mindy Lee, Institute of Optics/Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Michael Molinari, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Huimin Ouyang, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Philippe M. Fauchet, Institute of Optics/Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Univ. of Rochester (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5511:
Tuning the Optical Response of Photonic Bandgap Structures
Philippe M. Fauchet; Paul V. Braun, Editor(s)

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