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Proceedings Paper

Preliminary study on the characteristics of sand-surface reflective spectra in the hinterland of the Taklimakan desert in winter
Author(s): Yujiang Yuan; Lie-qun Hu; Qing He; Xiaoling Pan; Wei Gao
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Paper Abstract

To sum up, the conclusions about the characteristics of the sand-surface reflectivities of visible light channel and near infrared channel in the Tazhong region in the hinterland of the Taklimakan Desert in winter are as following:(1) On fine days, the sand-surface average reflectivities of visible light channel and near infrared channel in the Tazhong region are 25.8% and 28.6% respectively. It is roughly estimated that the atmosphere can reduce the reflectivities of these two channels for 5.2% and 7.5% respectively comparing with the RS data of NOAA satellite in the corresponding period.(2) On fine days, the reflectivities of visible light channel and near infrared channel have the following characteristics: 1. At all the positions of a dune, the reflectivity of near infrared channel is higher than that of visible light channel, and 4.3% higher in maximum on the sand-falling slope and the left wing of dune; 2. Among the different positions of a dune, the reflectivity change of visible light channel is low but that of near infrared channel is high, and the latter is about 5 times of the former: 3. The reflectivities of both visible light channel and near infrared channel on the south-facing slopes are slightly higher than that on the north-facing slopes.(3) The reflectivities of visible light channel and near infrared channel are the highest on cloudy days comparing with that on fine days and thin-cloudy days; from the fine days to the thin-cloudy days and cloudy days, the green values, reflectivity difference between the near infrared channel and visible light channel of dunes, and the maximum reflectivity difference of near infrared channel between the different dune positions are successively reduced; but the maximum reflectivity difference of visible light channel between the different dune positions are gradually increased.(4) On fine days, the dune reflectivities of visible light channel and near infrared channel are reduced with the increase of sun's altitude, but the negative correlation between the reflectivity of visible light channel and the sun's altitude is higher than that between the reflectivity of near infrared channel and the sun's altitude.(5) Frost on sand surface can increase the reflectivities of visible light channel and near infrared channel, and increase for 2.6% and 3.5% respectively compared with that without frost.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 November 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5544, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability, (9 November 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.560387
Show Author Affiliations
Yujiang Yuan, Institute of Desert Meteorology (China)
Lie-qun Hu, Xinjiang Environmental Meteorological Engineering Ctr. (China)
Qing He, Institute of Desert Meteorology (China)
Xiaoling Pan, Xinjian Univ. (China)
Wei Gao, Xinjiang Univ. (China)
Colorado State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5544:
Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability
Wei Gao; David R. Shaw, Editor(s)

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