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Proceedings Paper

A customizable commercial miniaturized 320×256 indium gallium arsenide shortwave infrared camera
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Paper Abstract

The design and performance of a commercial short-wave-infrared (SWIR) InGaAs microcamera engine is presented. The 0.9-to-1.7 micron SWIR imaging system consists of a room-temperature-TEC-stabilized, 320x256 (25 μm pitch) InGaAs focal plane array (FPA) and a high-performance, highly customizable image-processing set of electronics. The detectivity, D*, of the system is greater than 1013 cm-&sqrt;Hz/W at 1.55 μm, and this sensitivity may be adjusted in real-time over 100 dB. It features snapshot-mode integration with a minimum exposure time of 130 μs. The digital video processor provides real time pixel-to-pixel, 2-point dark-current subtraction and non-uniformity compensation along with defective-pixel substitution. Other features include automatic gain control (AGC), gamma correction, 7 preset configurations, adjustable exposure time, external triggering, and windowing. The windowing feature is highly flexible; the region of interest (ROI) may be placed anywhere on the imager and can be varied at will. Windowing allows for high-speed readout enabling such applications as target acquisition and tracking; for example, a 32x32 ROI window may be read out at over 3500 frames per second (fps). Output video is provided as EIA170-compatible analog, or as 12-bit CameraLink-compatible digital. All the above features are accomplished in a small volume < 28 cm3, weight < 70 g, and with low power consumption < 1.3 W at room temperature using this new microcamera engine. Video processing is based on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) platform with a soft-embedded processor that allows for ease of integration/addition of customer-specific algorithms, processes, or design requirements. The camera was developed with the high-performance, space-restricted, power-conscious application in mind, such as robotic or UAV deployment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 October 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5563, Infrared Systems and Photoelectronic Technology, (21 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.560058
Show Author Affiliations
Shih-Che Huang, Sensors Unlimited, Inc. (United States)
Matthew O'Grady, Sensors Unlimited, Inc. (United States)
Joseph V. Groppe, Sensors Unlimited, Inc. (United States)
Martin H. Ettenberg, Sensors Unlimited, Inc. (United States)
Robert M. Brubaker, Sensors Unlimited, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5563:
Infrared Systems and Photoelectronic Technology
C. Bruce Johnson; Eustace L. Dereniak; Robert E. Sampson, Editor(s)

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