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Proceedings Paper

Dynamic optical coupled system employing Dammann gratings
Author(s): Caihui Di; Changhe Zhou; Huayi Ru
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Paper Abstract

With the increasing of the number of users in optical fiber communications, fiber-to-home project has a larger market value. Then the need of dynamic optical couplers, especially of N broad-band couplers, becomes greater. Though some advanced fiber fusion techniques have been developed, they still have many shortcomings. In this paper we propose a dynamic optical coupled system employing even-numbered Dammann gratings, which have the characteristic that the phase distribution in the first half-period accurately equals to that in the second-period with π phase inversion. In our experiment, we divide a conventional even-numbered Dammann grating into two identical gratings. The system can achieve the beam splitter and combiner as the switch between them according to the relative shift between two complementary gratings. When there is no shift between the gratings, the demonstrated 1×8 dynamic optical coupler achieves good uniformity of 0.06 and insertion loss of around 10.8 dB for each channel as a splitter. When the two gratings have an accurate shift of a half-period between them, our system has a low insertion loss of 0.46 dB as a combiner at a wavelength of 1550 nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 2004
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5560, Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications X, (22 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.558242
Show Author Affiliations
Caihui Di, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Changhe Zhou, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Huayi Ru, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5560:
Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications X
Francis T. S. Yu; Ruyan Guo; Shizhuo Yin, Editor(s)

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