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Proceedings Paper

Photomask ADI, AEI, and QA measurements using normal incidence optical-CD metrology
Author(s): Ebru Apak; T. P. Sarathy; William A. McGahan; Pablo I. Rovira; Ray J. Hoobler
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Paper Abstract

Optical Critical Dimension (OCD) measurements using Normal-Incidence Spectroscopic Polarized Reflectance and Ellipsometry allows for the separation of transverse electric and transverse magnetic modes of light reflected from an anisotropic sample as found in a periodic grating structure. This can provide the means for determining line widths and analyzing complex profiles for a variety of structures found in mask fabrication. The normal-incidence methodology maintains much of the simplicity in mechanical design found in a standard reflectometer and the additional polarizing element has no effect on the footprint making the system amenable for integration, inline monitoring and advanced process control. The Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis (RCWA) method provides an exact method for calculating the diffraction of electromagnetic waves by periodic grating structures. We have continued development of OCD technology to critical measurement steps in the photomask fabrication process: After Development Inspection (ADI), After Etch Inspection (AEI) for binary and phase shift masks. Additionally, we have demonstrated the ability of monitoring the mask CD quality with the presence of a protective pellicle. The determination of important critical dimensions in photomasks via optical techniques is appealing for several reasons: the method is non-destructive to photoresist and the sample is not subject to charging effects; the technique is capable of measuring the critical dimensions of grating structures down to approximately 40 nm; finally, minimal facilities are required for installation (no high vacuum, cooling or shielding of electromagnetic fields). Results will be presented showing the capabilities of OCD metrology for ADI, AEI and masks monitoring applications that emphasizes how the technology can be incorporated at many steps in the mask manufacturing process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 August 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5446, Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology XI, (20 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.557809
Show Author Affiliations
Ebru Apak, NANOmetrics, Inc. (United States)
T. P. Sarathy, NANOmetrics, Inc. (United States)
William A. McGahan, NANOmetrics, Inc. (United States)
Pablo I. Rovira, NANOmetrics, Inc. (United States)
Ray J. Hoobler, NANOmetrics, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5446:
Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology XI
Hiroyoshi Tanabe, Editor(s)

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