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Proceedings Paper

Study of alternating phase shift mask structures for ArF lithography
Author(s): Yosuke Kojima; Toshio Konishi; Jun Sasaki; Keishi Tanaka; Toru Komizo; Motohiko Morita; Masanori Shirasaki; Takashi Ohshima; Hiroyuki Takahashi; Kazuaki Chiba; Masao Otaki; Yoshimitsu Okuda
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Paper Abstract

The alternating phase-shift mask (alt. PSM) is one of the most effective approaches to improve a resolution of the 65nm logic gate structure in ArF lithography. Previously we have studied the optimization of alt. PSM in 180nm gate-pitch. In this study, we evaluated various alt. PSM in the case of 160nm gate-pitch. Using a rigorous electro-magnetic field simulation of light scattering in 3D mask topographies, we evaluated CD difference between π-phase and 0-phase space size (the π-0 CD difference), resist CD through pitch and normalized image log-slope (NILS). The parameters for our simulation were mask structure (shallow trench depth (ST), undercut size (UC), space bias, Chrome (Cr) CD, pitch, phase shift depth) and ArF exposure condition (NA, sigma, defocus). From the results of simulation, it turned out that single trench structures with UC and/or space bias showed the good intensity balance through defocus. We compared the simulation results with the AIMS fab193 (Carl Zeiss) results and found there was no large difference. The combination of UC and space bias could be chosen as suitable structure for 160nm gate-pitch.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 August 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5446, Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology XI, (20 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.557801
Show Author Affiliations
Yosuke Kojima, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Toshio Konishi, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Jun Sasaki, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Keishi Tanaka, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Toru Komizo, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Motohiko Morita, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Masanori Shirasaki, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Takashi Ohshima, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Hiroyuki Takahashi, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Kazuaki Chiba, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Masao Otaki, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Yoshimitsu Okuda, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5446:
Photomask and Next-Generation Lithography Mask Technology XI
Hiroyoshi Tanabe, Editor(s)

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