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Proceedings Paper

Training dogs to detect Triacetone Triperoxide (TATP)
Author(s): Jimmie C. Oxley; James L. Smith; Jesse Moran; Ken Nelson; William E. Utley
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Paper Abstract

Dogs have been used successfully to detect drugs and conventional high explosives. The world-wide rise in terrorist activities has placed emphasis on the detection of non-conventional explosive materials such as the multi-functional peroxides, triacetone triperoxide (TATP) and hexamethylene triperoxide diamine (HMTD). This study demonstrates that dogs can detect both solid TATP and TATP adsorbed to cotton balls. An effective procedure to train dogs to detect TATP using cotton balls permeated with TATP vapor is provided. The various trials showed that dogs were capable of detecting as little as 200 μg of TATP adsorbed to a one gram cotton ball under a variety of circumstances. However, since TATP vaporizes rapidly at room temperature, significant depletion of TATP from cotton balls can occur in as little as 20 minutes, hampering the ability of the dogs to detect it. The TATP depleted cotton ball can be refreshed by returning it to a sealed container with TATP residue for about 20 minutes. A presumed decomposition product of TATP, acetone, cannot be used in place of TATP to train dogs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 September 2004
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 5403, Sensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security and Homeland Defense III, (15 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.555791
Show Author Affiliations
Jimmie C. Oxley, Univ. of Rhode Island (United States)
James L. Smith, Univ. of Rhode Island (United States)
Jesse Moran, Univ. of Rhode Island (United States)
Ken Nelson, Global Training Academy Inc. (United States)
William E. Utley, U. S. Secret Service (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5403:
Sensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security and Homeland Defense III
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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