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Proceedings Paper

Multiple instrument distributed aperture sensor (MIDAS) science payload concept
Author(s): David M. Stubbs; Alan L. Duncan; Joe T. Pitman; Robert D. Sigler; Richard L. Kendrick; John F. Chilese; Eric H. Smith
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Paper Abstract

We describe the Multiple Instrument Distributed Aperture Sensor (MIDAS) concept, an innovative approach to future planetary science mission remote sensing that enables order of magnitude increased science return. MIDAS provides a large-aperture, wide-field, diffraction-limited telescope at a fraction of the cost, mass and volume of conventional space telescopes, by integrating advanced optical interferometry technologies. All telescope optical assemblies are integrated into MIDAS as the primary remote sensing science payload, thereby reducing the cost, resources, complexity, I&T and risks of a set of back-end science instruments (SI's) tailored to a specific mission. MIDAS interfaces to multiple science instruments, enabling sequential and concurrent functional modes, thereby expanding the potential planetary science return many fold. Passive imaging modes with MIDAS enable remote sensing at diffraction-limited resolution sequentially by each science instrument, or at lower resolution by multiple science instruments acting concurrently on the image, such as in different wavebands. Our MIDAS concept inherently provides nanometer-resolution hyperspectral passive imaging without the need for any moving parts in the science instruments. For planetary science missions, the MIDAS optical design provides high-resolution imaging for long dwell times at high altitudes, thereby enabling real-time, wide-area remote sensing of dynamic surface characteristics. In its active remote sensing modes, using an integrated solid-state laser source, MIDAS enables LIDAR, vibrometry, surface illumination, and various active or ablative spectroscopies. Our concept is scalable to apertures well over 10m, achieved by autonomous deployments or manned assembly in space. MIDAS is a proven candidate for future planetary science missions, enabled by our continued investments in focused MIDAS technology development areas. In this paper we present the opto-mechanical design for a 1.5m MIDAS point design, including its accommodation of back-end science instruments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 October 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5487, Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Space Telescopes, (12 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.551619
Show Author Affiliations
David M. Stubbs, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Alan L. Duncan, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Joe T. Pitman, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Robert D. Sigler, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Richard L. Kendrick, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
John F. Chilese, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Eric H. Smith, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5487:
Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Space Telescopes
John C. Mather, Editor(s)

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