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Proceedings Paper

The second-generation VLT instrument MUSE: science drivers and instrument design
Author(s): Roland Bacon; Svend-Marian Bauer; Richard Bower; Sylvie Cabrit; Michele Cappellari; Marcella Carollo; Francoise Combes; Roger L. Davies; Bernard Delabre; Hans Dekker; Julien Devriendt; Slimane Djidel; Michel Duchateau; Jean-Pierre Dubois; Eric Emsellem; Pierre Ferruit; Marijn Franx; Gerard F. Gilmore; Bruno Guiderdoni; Francois Henault; Norbert Hubin; Bruno Jungwiert; Andreas Kelz; Miska Le Louarn; Ian J. Lewis; Jean-Louis Lizon; Richard McDermid; Simon L. Morris; Uwe Laux; Olivier Le Fèvre; Blandine Lantz; Simon Lilly; James Lynn; Luca Pasquini; Arlette Pecontal; Patrick Pinet; Dan Popovic; Andreas Quirrenbach; Roland Reiss; Martin M. Roth; Matthias Steinmetz; Remko Stuik; Luc Wisotzki; P. Tim de Zeeuw
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Paper Abstract

The Multi Unit spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) is a second generation VLT panoramic integral-field spectrograph operating in the visible wavelength range. MUSE has a field of 1 x 1 arcmin2 sampled at 0.2x0.2 arcsec2 and is assisted by a ground layer adaptive optics system using four laser guide stars. The simultaneous spectral range is 0.465-0.93 μm, at a resolution of R~3000. MUSE couples the discovery potential of a large imaging device to the measuring capabilities of a high-quality spectrograph, while taking advantage of the increased spatial resolution provided by adaptive optics. This makes MUSE a unique and tremendously powerful instrument for discovering and characterizing objects that lie beyond the reach of even the deepest imaging surveys. MUSE has also a high spatial resolution mode with 7.5 x 7.5 arcse2 field of view sampled at 25 milli-arcsec. In this mode MUSE should be able to get diffraction limited data-cube in the 0.6-1 μm wavelength range. Although MUSE design has been optimized for the study of galaxy formation and evolution, it has a wide range of possible applications; e.g. monitoring of outer planets atmosphere, young stellar objects environment, supermassive black holes and active nuclei in nearby galaxies or massive spectroscopic survey of stellar fields.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 September 2004
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 5492, Ground-based Instrumentation for Astronomy, (30 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.549009
Show Author Affiliations
Roland Bacon, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Svend-Marian Bauer, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)
Richard Bower, Univ. of Durham (United Kingdom)
Sylvie Cabrit, Observatoire de Paris (France)
Michele Cappellari, Univ. Leiden Observatory (Netherlands)
Marcella Carollo, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
Francoise Combes, Observatoire de Paris (France)
Roger L. Davies, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Bernard Delabre, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Hans Dekker, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Julien Devriendt, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Slimane Djidel, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Michel Duchateau, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Jean-Pierre Dubois, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Eric Emsellem, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Pierre Ferruit, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Marijn Franx, Univ. Leiden Observatory (Netherlands)
Gerard F. Gilmore, Institute of Astronomy/Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Bruno Guiderdoni, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Francois Henault, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Norbert Hubin, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Bruno Jungwiert, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Andreas Kelz, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)
Miska Le Louarn, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Ian J. Lewis, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
Jean-Louis Lizon, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Richard McDermid, Univ. Leiden Observatory (Netherlands)
Simon L. Morris, Univ. of Durham (United Kingdom)
Uwe Laux, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)
Olivier Le Fèvre, Observatoire Astronomique de Marseille-Provence (France)
Blandine Lantz, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Simon Lilly, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
James Lynn, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)
Luca Pasquini, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Arlette Pecontal, Observatoire de Lyon (France)
Patrick Pinet, Observatoire Midi-Pyrenees (France)
Dan Popovic, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Andreas Quirrenbach, Univ. Leiden Observatory (Netherlands)
Roland Reiss, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Martin M. Roth, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)
Matthias Steinmetz, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)
Remko Stuik, Univ. Leiden Observatory (Netherlands)
Luc Wisotzki, Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam (Germany)
P. Tim de Zeeuw, Univ. Leiden Observatory (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5492:
Ground-based Instrumentation for Astronomy
Alan F. M. Moorwood; Masanori Iye, Editor(s)

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