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Proceedings Paper

Femtosecond laser-induced nanostructuring and phase transformation of crystalline silicon
Author(s): Juergen Reif; Florenta Costache; Simona Kouteva-Arguirova
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Paper Abstract

Surface morphology and structural changes upon femtosecond laser ablation from crystalline silicon (001) were examined ex-situ by optical, scanning electron, and atomic force microscopy, as well as Raman spectroscopy. After repetitive illumination with several thousand laser pulses at an intensities below or near the single shot damage threshold (2x1012 W/cm2), self-assembled periodic nanostructures with periods of 200 nm resp. 600-700 nm develop at the crater bottom. Micro-Raman spectroscopy reveals phase transformations inside the crater from Si-I to the polymorphs Si-III, Si-XII, hexagonal Si-wurtzite (Si-IV), and amorphous silicon, pointing to substantial pressure and volume changes during the interaction. The ablation dynamics was monitored by time-of-flight mass spectroscopy, showing the emission of superthermal positive ions with a kinetic energy of several eV as well as significant contributions at lower kinetic energies. The results suggest that the ablation is associated with considerable recoil pressure and leaves behind a severely perturbed crystal surface. The resulting instability relaxes by a self-organization, independent of the initial, and surrounding, crystal structure.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 September 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5448, High-Power Laser Ablation V, (20 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.548826
Show Author Affiliations
Juergen Reif, Brandenburgische Technische Univ. Cottbus and JointLab BTU/IHP (Germany)
Florenta Costache, Brandenburgische Technische Univ. Cottbus and JointLab BTU/IHP (Germany)
Simona Kouteva-Arguirova, Brandenburgische Technische Univ. Cottbus and JointLab BTU/IHP (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5448:
High-Power Laser Ablation V
Claude R. Phipps, Editor(s)

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