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Proceedings Paper

A new index of solar and geomagnetic activity for analyzing climatic changes in the ionospheric E-region
Author(s): Venedict F. Petrukhin; Victor D. Kokourov; Evgenij A. Ponomarev; Nicolaj A. Sutyrin
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Paper Abstract

Presented are the results derived from analyzing the data on sporadic formations in the ionospheric E-region (Es) over East Siberia for 1960-1996. The raw data were averaged in the 11-year window at subsequent sliding steps of 1 year. The main characteristics of Es as foreseen by the intructions on ionogram processing are considered. Also, a classification of the sporadic layers into standard mid-latitude types is taken into account, and the set of data is broken up into three seasons: winter, summer, and equinox. It is shown that the variations of parameters of all types of sporadic formations exhibit - depending on the particular season - a close linkage to solar and (or) geomagnetic activity. On the other hand, some of the parameters of sporadic features show a close dependence on the correlation coefficient between indices of solar and geomagnetic activity (in this paper, between aa-indices and Wolf numbers) calculated by the same method of averaging. It was found that the stronger is the dependence on the degree of linkage between them, and vice versa. Thus there emerged a possibility of introducing a new index to define the climatic dependence of a number of ionospheric E-region parameters, namely, the correlation coefficient between indices of solar and geomagnetic activity, based on the aforementioned technique. Conceivably it may also be applied for some parameters of the middle atmospere.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2004
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 5397, Tenth Joint International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics. Part II: Laser Sensing and Atmospheric Physics, (23 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.548654
Show Author Affiliations
Venedict F. Petrukhin, Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (Russia)
Victor D. Kokourov, Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (Russia)
Evgenij A. Ponomarev, Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (Russia)
Nicolaj A. Sutyrin, Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (Russia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5397:
Tenth Joint International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics. Part II: Laser Sensing and Atmospheric Physics
Gennadii G. Matvienko; Georgii M. Krekov, Editor(s)

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