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Proceedings Paper

Some results of numerical simulation of atmospheric aerosol and gaseous component dispersion over an industrial center
Author(s): Alexander V. Starchenko; Alexey O. Yesaulov
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Paper Abstract

This paper is devoted to numerical investigation of the influence of atmospheric processes, generated above a city, of transport of aerosol and gaseous compounds, emitted by industrial sources and urban vehicles. A numerical analysis is performed on the basis of a three-dimensional prognostic mesoscale model of the planetary boundary layer, which allows making predictions in the nested domains with a subsequent application of the turbulent diffusion model in order to simulate pollution dispersion and deposition of small compounds of the atmosphere above the surface with complex roughness and relief. Results of numerical experiment, carried out with the use of multiprocessor computers, reveal particularly to investigate generality of the near surface wind dynamics for representative adverse weather conditions, to understand the measure of its dependence on the surface factors, to determine the most adverse vortex structures, generation of which together with thermal stratification brings about accumulation of admixtures in the surface layer. Predictions confirm a close connection between urban meteorology and air quality in a city and its suburban area. Undesirable meteorological conditions for the majority of cities are temperature inversion and calm wind which transports "passed" pollution in urban air again.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5397, Tenth Joint International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics. Part II: Laser Sensing and Atmospheric Physics, (23 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.548581
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander V. Starchenko, Tomsk State Univ. (Russia)
Alexey O. Yesaulov, Tomsk State Univ. (Russia)
Institute of Atmospheric Optics (Russia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5397:
Tenth Joint International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics/Atmospheric Physics. Part II: Laser Sensing and Atmospheric Physics
Gennadii G. Matvienko; Georgii M. Krekov, Editor(s)

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