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Proceedings Paper

An improved unified network protocol framework for large-scale wireless sensor networks
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Paper Abstract

Rapid technological advances in wireless communication have made it possible for networking sensor devices. Given the low computation and battery power capacities of these sensor nodes, the key design factors of network protocols are self-configuring, energy-efficient, adaptive, and scalable. We presented the multi-hop infrastructure network architecture (MINA) for a wireless sensor network consisting of a few hundred sensors that communicate data to a base station (BS). We designed a Unified Network Protocol Framework for MINA that encompasses network organization, medium access control (MAC) and routing protocols. In this paper, we improve it by adaptively varying transmission range to maintain network connectivity. It is a derivative-free optimization algorithm. The BS periodically evaluates the objective function, chooses the appropriate transmission range and broadcasts it to the sensor nodes that then update the transmission range. The advantages are: (i) Avoids the disconnectivity; (ii) Maximizes the number of nodes that can be connected to the BS, (iii) Minimizes the energyxdelay metric and (iv) Avoids the "hot-spot" nodes in the network. The performance in terms of delay, throughput, energy consumption and network lifetimes, is studied in detail using discrete-event simulation compared with other protocol. The results show that it is energy efficient in a large scale network.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 August 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5440, Digital Wireless Communications VI, (10 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.548421
Show Author Affiliations
Jin Ding, Washington State Univ. (United States)
Krishna M. Sivalingam, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5440:
Digital Wireless Communications VI
Raghuveer M. Rao; Sohail A. Dianat; Michael D. Zoltowski, Editor(s)

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