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Proceedings Paper

Two-particle localization and antiresonance in spin and qubit chains
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Paper Abstract

We analyze localization of interacting excitations in a system of qubits or spins. The system is modeled by a spin chain with an anisotropic (XXZ) exchange coupling in a magnetic field. Localization occurs on a defect with an excess on-site spin-flip energy. Such a defect corresponds to a qubit with the level spacing different from other qubits. Because of the interaction, a single defect may lead to multiple localized states. We find energy spectra and localization lengths of the two-excitation states. An excitation remains localized on the defect even where energy conservation allows scattering into extended states. This is due to destructive quantum interference in the two-excitation scattering channels, and it facilitates the operation of a quantum computer. Analytical results are obtained for strong anisotropy and are confirmed by numerical studies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 May 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5472, Noise and Information in Nanoelectronics, Sensors, and Standards II, (25 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.546856
Show Author Affiliations
Lea F. Santos, Michigan State Univ. (United States)
Mark I. Dykman, Michigan State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5472:
Noise and Information in Nanoelectronics, Sensors, and Standards II
Janusz M. Smulko; Yaroslav Blanter; Mark I. Dykman; Laszlo B. Kish, Editor(s)

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