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Proceedings Paper

Experimental considerations in vibrothermography
Author(s): Steven M. Shepard; Tasdiq Ahmed; James R. Lhota
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Paper Abstract

Sonic, or thermosonic nondestructive testing, which is based on the vibrothermography method introduced in the late 1970’s, has attracted a great deal of recent interest as a means for detection of cracks that were previously considered to be undetectable using thermographic inspection methods. Excitation of a solid sample with bursts of high-energy (500 - 3000 Joule), low-frequency (10 - 50 kHz) acoustic energy has been demonstrated to be effective in generating transient localized heating at crack sites, making them detectable by an infrared camera. Despite the apparent simplicity of the scheme, there are a number of experimental considerations that can complicate, or in some cases even prevent, the implementation of vibrothermography-based inspection. Factors including acoustic horn location, horn-crack proximity, horn-sample coupling, and effective detection range all significantly affect the degree of excitation (or whether any excitation occurs at all) that occurs at a crack site for a given energy input. In cases where the experimental objective is precise measurement of crack length, the method used to visualize the data from the IR camera and its optic must also be taken into consideration.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 2004
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 5405, Thermosense XXVI, (12 April 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.546599
Show Author Affiliations
Steven M. Shepard, Thermal Wave Imaging, Inc. (United States)
Tasdiq Ahmed, Thermal Wave Imaging, Inc. (United States)
James R. Lhota, Thermal Wave Imaging, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5405:
Thermosense XXVI
Douglas D. Burleigh; K. Elliott Cramer; G. Raymond Peacock, Editor(s)

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