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Proceedings Paper

Deep dry etching process development for photonic crystals in InP-based planar waveguides
Author(s): Mischa S. P. Andriesse; Carl-Fredrik Carlström; Emile van der Drift; Erik-Jan Geluk; Rob W. van der Heijden; A. Fouad Karouta; Peter A.M. Nouwens; Y. Siang Oei; Tjibbe de Vries; Huub W. M. Salemink
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Paper Abstract

Chlorine-based inductively coupled plasma etching processes are investigated for the purpose of etching two-dimensional photonic crystals in InP-based materials. Etch rates up to 3.7 mm/min and selectivity’s to the SiN mask up to 19 are reported. For the removal of indiumchloride etch products both the application of elevated temperatures and high ion energy’s are investigated. The reactor pressure is an important parameter, as it determines the supply of reactive chlorine. It is shown, that N2 passivates feature sidewalls during etching, improving the anisotropy. Ions that impact onto the sidewalls, either directly or after scattering with the SiN-mask or hole interior, cause sidewall etching. Highly directional ion bombardment and vertical sidewalls in the SiN-mask are therefore crucial for successful etching of fine high aspect ratio structures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 September 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5450, Photonic Crystal Materials and Nanostructures, (15 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.545494
Show Author Affiliations
Mischa S. P. Andriesse, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
Carl-Fredrik Carlström, Technische Univ. Eindhoven (Netherlands)
Emile van der Drift, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
Erik-Jan Geluk, Technische Univ. Eindhoven (Netherlands)
Rob W. van der Heijden, Technische Univ. Eindhoven (Netherlands)
A. Fouad Karouta, Technische Univ. Eindhoven (Netherlands)
Peter A.M. Nouwens, Technische Univ. Eindhoven (Netherlands)
Y. Siang Oei, Technische Univ. Eindhoven (Netherlands)
Tjibbe de Vries, Technische Univ. Eindhoven (Netherlands)
Huub W. M. Salemink, Technische Univ. Eindhoven (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5450:
Photonic Crystal Materials and Nanostructures
Richard M. De La Rue; Pierre Viktorovitch; Clivia M. Sotomayor Torres; Michele Midrio, Editor(s)

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