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Proceedings Paper

Web-based toxic gas dispersion model for shuttle launch operations
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Paper Abstract

During the launch of the Space Shuttle vehicle, the burning of liquid hydrogen fuel with liquid oxygen at extreme high temperatures inside the three space shuttle main engines, and the burning of the solid propellant mixture of ammonium perchlorate oxidizer, aluminum fuel, iron oxide catalyst, polymer binder, and epoxy curing agent in the two solid rocket boosters result in the formation of a large cloud of hot, buoyant toxic exhaust gases near the ground level which subsequently rises and entrains into ambient air until the temperature and density of the cloud reaches an approximate equilibrium with ambient conditions. In this paper, toxic gas dispersion for various gases are simulated over the web for varying environmental conditions which is provided by rawinsonde data. The model simulates chemical concentration at ground level up to 10 miles (1 KM grids) in downrange up to an hour after launch. The ambient concentration of the gas dispersion and the deposition of toxic particles are used as inputs for a human health risk assessment model. The advantage of the present model is the accessibility and dissemination of model results to other NASA centers over the web. The model can be remotely operated and various scenarios can be analyzed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 September 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5420, Modeling, Simulation, and Calibration of Space-based Systems, (3 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.544853
Show Author Affiliations
Jorge Bardina, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
Rajkumar Thirumalainambi, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5420:
Modeling, Simulation, and Calibration of Space-based Systems
Pejmun Motaghedi, Editor(s)

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