Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

Feature analysis for the NIITEK ground-penetrating radar using order-weighted averaging operators for landmine detection
Author(s): Paul D. Gader; Roopnath Grandhi; Wen-Hsiung Lee; Joseph N. Wilson; Dominic K. C. Ho
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

An automated methodology for combining Ground Penetrating Radar features from different depths is presented and analyzed. GPR data from the NIITEK system are processed by a depth-dependent, adaptive whitening algorithm. Shape and contrast features, including compactness, solidity, eccentricity, and relative area are computed at the different depths. These features must be combined to make a decision as to the presence of a landmine at a specific location. Since many of the depths contain no useful information and the depths of the mines are unknown, a strategy based on sorting is used. In a previous work, sorted features were combined via a rule-based system. In the current paper, an automated algorithm that builds a decision rule from sets of Ordered Weighted Average (OWA) operators is described. The OWA operator sorts the feature values, weights them, and performs a weighted sum of the sorted values, resulting in a nonlinear combination of the feature values. The weights of the OWA operators are trained off-line in combination with those of a decision-making network and held fixed during testing. The combination of OWA operators and decision-making network is called a FOWA network. The FOWA network is compared to the rule-based method on real data taken from multiple collections at two outdoor test sites.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 September 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5415, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IX, (21 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.544320
Show Author Affiliations
Paul D. Gader, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Roopnath Grandhi, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Wen-Hsiung Lee, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Joseph N. Wilson, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Dominic K. C. Ho, Univ. of Missouri/Columbia (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5415:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IX
Russell S. Harmon; J. Thomas Broach; John H. Holloway, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top