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Proceedings Paper

Toward high-efficiency quantum-dot single-photon sources
Author(s): Jean-Michel Gerard; Bruno Gayral
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Paper Abstract

We discuss the potential applications of single photon sources based on a single quantum dot, emphasizing the crucial importance of the efficiency parameter in view of applications in the field of quantum computing and quantum communications. By inserting the single quantum dot in a pillar microcavity, an efficiency as high as 44% has been obtained by using the Purcell effect. We show that this approach is limited in practice by extrinsic cavity losses, such as those related to the scattering by the sidewalls roughness. We present novel design rules for micropillars in view of this application and show that for the well-mastered GaAs/AlAs system more than 70% of the emission can be concentrated into the collimated emission beam associated with the fundamental cavity mode. We show finally that a novel design, based on a state-of-the-art 2D photonic crystal microcavity, could permit to reach efficiencies in excess of 0.95.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 June 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5361, Quantum Dots, Nanoparticles, and Nanoclusters, (14 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.543168
Show Author Affiliations
Jean-Michel Gerard, CEA/Grenoble (France)
Bruno Gayral, CEA/Grenoble (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5361:
Quantum Dots, Nanoparticles, and Nanoclusters
Diana L. Huffaker; Pallab Bhattacharya, Editor(s)

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