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Proceedings Paper

Improvement of multibeam echosondeur bottom detection
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Paper Abstract

Concerning bathymetric multibeam echosondeur systems, the interferometric technique is widely used to get the altitude of an illuminated seafloor section beam. Classical methods only use the zero crossing instant of phase difference to obtain the sea depth. Nevertheless, the phase difference gives more information near the zero crossing. Using the idea of radar multilook, the seabed footprints of two close beams overlap and, consequently, it exists a common illuminated area. In this paper, we show that the mutual information between the two close beams is enough to merge them into one because of the coherently processing of the signals received from multiple sensors (that is, beamforming). This mutual information, set up by several beamforming methods, makes possible to take into account all points included in the beam footprint in order to rebuild more accurately the sea floor. Besides, considering a beamforming width between ±25° and ±60°, we can recreate a continuous phase difference by merging all phase differences. Beam angles close to nadir will not be considered because of their non acceptable performance in terms of interferometric quality. In addition, the effect of changing the interferometric spacing, commonly called baseline, is also studied. A correct baseline value plays an important role in high-resolution beamforming. Actually, the influence of the multibaseline causes an increase of the phase difference variance, and therefore, an increase of the measurement errors. Finally, we propose the fusion of the multilook techniques and the baseline effects to improve the multibeam echosondeur bottom detection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5434, Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2004, (12 April 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.542236
Show Author Affiliations
Gerard Llort, ENST Bretagne (France)
Christophe Sintes, ENST Bretagne (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5434:
Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2004
Belur V. Dasarathy, Editor(s)

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