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Proceedings Paper

Frequency-domain preprocessing and directional correlation-based feature extraction for classification of the buried objects using GPR B-scan data
Author(s): Yildirim Bahadirlar; Gulay Buyukaksoy Kaplan
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Paper Abstract

A new preprocessing and feature extracting approach for classification of non-metallic buried objects are aimed using GPR B-scan data. A frequency-domain adaptive filter without a reference channel effectively removes the background signal resulting mostly from the discontinuity on the air-to-ground path of the electromagnetic waves. The filter only needs average of the first five A-scans as the reference signal for this elimination, and also serves for masking of the B-scan in the frequency-domain. A preprocessed GPR data with significantly suppressed clutter is then obtained by precisely positioning the Hanning window in the frequency-domain. A directional correlation function defined over a B-scan frame gives distinctive curves of buried objects. The main axis of directional correlation, on which the pivotal correlating pixels and short lines of pixels being correlated are considered, makes an angle to the scanning direction of the B-scan. This form of correlation is applied to the frame from the left-hand and the right-hand side and two over-plotted curves are obtained. Nine measures as features emphasizing directional signatures are extracted from these curves. Nine-element feature vectors are applied to the two-layer Artificial Neural Network and preliminary results over test set are promising to continue to comprehensive training and testing processes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 September 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5415, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IX, (21 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.541995
Show Author Affiliations
Yildirim Bahadirlar, TUBITAK Marmara Research Ctr. (Turkey)
Gulay Buyukaksoy Kaplan, TUBITAK Marmara Research Ctr. (Turkey)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5415:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets IX
Russell S. Harmon; J. Thomas Broach; John H. Holloway, Editor(s)

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