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Proceedings Paper

Quantum lattice representation of dark solitons
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Paper Abstract

The nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation in a self-defocusing Kerr medium supports dark solitons. Moreover the mean field description of a dilute Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is described by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, which for a highly anisotropic (cigar-shaped) magnetic trap reduces to a one-dimensional (1D) cubic NLS in an external potential. A quantum lattice algorithm is developed for the dark solitons. Simulations are presented for both black (stationary) solitons as well as (moving) dark solitons. Collisions of dark solitons are compared with the exact analytic solutions and coupled dark-bright vector solitons are examined. The quantum algorithm requires 2 qubits per scalar field at each spatial node. The unitary collision operator quantum mechanically entangles the on-site qubits, and this transitory entanglement is spread throughout the lattice by the streaming operators. These algorithms are suitable for a Type-II quantum computers, with wave function collapse induced by quantum measurements required to determine the coupling potentials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 August 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5436, Quantum Information and Computation II, (24 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.541647
Show Author Affiliations
George Vahala, College of William & Mary (United States)
Linda Vahala, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)
Jeffrey Yepez, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5436:
Quantum Information and Computation II
Eric Donkor; Andrew R. Pirich; Howard E. Brandt, Editor(s)

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