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Proceedings Paper

Target tracking for missile warning applications
Author(s): Moira I Smith; Jamie P Heather; Jason F Ralph; Mark Bernhardt; Elias J Griffith; Derek J Bradley; Harwinder S Padda
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Paper Abstract

Traditional missile warning systems (MWSs) have tended to use the ultra-violet waveband, where the ambient intensity levels tend to be low and the resultant false alarm rate is comparatively small. The development of modern infrared imagers has generated interest in the use of infrared imagers in MWSs. Infrared cameras can detect the heat signatures of missile plumes, which peak in the mid-wave (3-5 micron) infrared band, but they can also contain appreciable levels of noise: including intermittent defects that are of the same size as the potential targets. Typically, both missiles and defects will only occupy a few pixels in each image. This paper reviews a project concerned with developing an MWS algorithm toolbox for use in evaluating infrared MWSs. In particular, the paper discusses some of the main problems associated with detecting and tracking missiles in infrared imagery from a moving platform in the presence of localised image noise.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5428, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2004, (25 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.541482
Show Author Affiliations
Moira I Smith, Waterfall Solutions (United Kingdom)
Jamie P Heather, Waterfall Solutions (United Kingdom)
Jason F Ralph, Univ. of Liverpool (United Kingdom)
Mark Bernhardt, Waterfall Solutions (United Kingdom)
Elias J Griffith, Univ. of Liverpool (United Kingdom)
Derek J Bradley, Defence Science and Technology Lab. (United Kingdom)
Harwinder S Padda, Defence Science and Technology Lab. (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5428:
Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2004
Oliver E. Drummond, Editor(s)

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