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Proceedings Paper

Dynamic generation of artificial HRSAR imagery for ATR development and cockpit simulation
Author(s): Heiko Seidel; Christoph Stahl; Peter Knappe; Peter Hurst
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Paper Abstract

Following the tendency of increasingly using imaging sensors in military aircraft, future combat airplane pilots will need onboard artificial intelligence for aiding them in image interpretation and target designation. This document presents a system which is able to simulate high-resolution artificial SAR imagery and thereby facilitates automatic target recognition (ATR) algorithm development. The system provides a comprehensive interface that allows dynamically requesting imagery depending on the location and heading of a simulated carrier platform. Landscapes, structures and target signatures are generated based on digital terrain data and target models. An assessment of dissimilar database preparations for sensor simulation was done with respect to the different properties of SAR imaging compared to optical imaging. The document presents selected results for specific landscape elements. Post-processing algorithms for overcoming weaknesses of digital terrain databases and improving image realism are presented. Simulated sensor imagery is useful in a wide range of applications, two of which are training of ATR algorithms and sensor simulation in flight simulation environments. Using an existing ATR method as an example, the applicability and the influences of synthetic imagery on ATR training are shown and first approaches on how to validate the correctness of the imagery are explained. The integration of the system into a flight simulator in the context of interfacing and control topics serves as a concluding example.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 September 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5426, Automatic Target Recognition XIV, (21 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.541273
Show Author Affiliations
Heiko Seidel, European Aeronautic Defence and Space Co. (Germany)
Christoph Stahl, European Aeronautic Defence and Space Co. (Germany)
Peter Knappe, European Aeronautic Defence and Space Co. (Germany)
Peter Hurst, EADS N.V. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5426:
Automatic Target Recognition XIV
Firooz A. Sadjadi, Editor(s)

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