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Proceedings Paper

Toward a high-temporal-frequency grass canopy thermal IR model for background signatures
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we present our first results towards understanding high temporal frequency thermal infrared response from a dense grass canopy. The model is driven by slowly varying, time-averaged meteorological conditions and by high frequency measurements of local and within canopy profiles of relative humidity and wind speed, and compared to high frequency thermal infrared observations. Previously, we have employed three-dimensional ray tracing to compute the intercepted and scattered solar and IR radiation fluxes and for final scene rendering. For the turbulent fluxes, simple resistance models for latent and sensible heat with one-dimensional profiles of relative humidity and wind speed are used. Our modeling approach has proven successful in capturing the directional and diurnal variation in background thermal infrared signatures. We hypothesize that at these scales, where the model is typically driven by time-averaged, local meteorological conditions, the primary source of thermal variance arises from the spatial distribution of sunlit and shaded foliage elements within the canopy and the associated radiative interactions. In recent experiments, we have begun to focus on the high temporal frequency response of plant canopies in the thermal infrared at 1 sec to 5 min intervals. At these scales, we hypothesize turbulent mixing plays a more dominant role. Our results indicate that in the high frequency domain, the vertical profile of temperature change is tightly coupled to the within canopy wind speed. In the results reported here, the canopy cools from the top down with increased wind velocities and heats from the bottom up at low wind velocities.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 August 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5431, Targets and Backgrounds X: Characterization and Representation, (5 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.541048
Show Author Affiliations
Jerrell R. Ballard Jr., U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Ctr. (United States)
James A. Smith, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
George G. Koenig, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5431:
Targets and Backgrounds X: Characterization and Representation
Wendell R. Watkins; Dieter Clement; William R. Reynolds, Editor(s)

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